The purpose of this annotated bibliography is to identify and summarize research on the scope, characteristics and impact of academic and social support services for students. Several reports on academic rigor have also been included to establish a context for the importance of social and academic support.
The bibliography is divided into five sections: (1) Defining academic rigor; (2) Academic and social support in middle and high school; (3) Postsecondary academic and social support services; (4) Academic and social support for key transitions in the education pipeline; and (5) Providing academic and social support out of school. Relevant research found in peer-reviewed journals, major policy reports, public opinion surveys, and other seminal work is summarized in each section. The bibliography does not provide an exhaustive list of every program or strategy, but rather illustrates the rich diversity of academic and support strategies being used to help students undertake a rigorous course of study.